3.3 HW Writing: Practice paraphrasing sentences Copy

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3.3 HW Writing: Practice paraphrasing sentences Copy

Developing paraphrasing skills

INTRODUCING PARAPHRASING

Review paraphrasing techniques


Step 1: Understand the meaning of the original sentence.

For Simple Sentence:

  1. Find Subject & Verb 
  2. Analyze objects: What do you learn about the Subject?

For Compound Sentence [=two Independent Clauses]:

  1. For each independent clause perform Simple Sentence Analysis as described above
  2. Identify logical relationship between the two: Contradiction/Support/Explanation

For Complex Sentence [=Main clause + Dependent clause]:

  1. Identify Main Clause: Find Subject & Verb as they carry the most important information about the Actor and Actions
  2. Identify Dependent Clause: Find Subject & Verb of the dependent clause
  3. Understand the Logical Relationship between the Main and Dependent Clause: How are the two related: Cause-Effect/Problem-Solution/Time clause-Main Action/etc

Step 2: Use one of the following techniques to build a paraphrase.

Important: Make sure that paraphrased sentence retains the focus of the sentence (Subject-Verb) and logical connections in case of compound/complex sentneces.

For Simple Sentences:

  • Replace original words with synonyms. Retain the same sentence structure.
  • Warning: Change active voice to passive. This is a common paraphrasing strategy, yet in using it you make original Subject less important. Hence, only use this technique when it does not hurt the overall meaning of the sentence.

For Compound/Complex Sentences:

  • Use synonyms. Split complex sentence into two simple sentences. Use appropriate linker to show the logical relationship between the two.
  • Use synonyms. Reverse the order of main/dependent clauses, while retaining the same logical connections.

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