1.2 HW Video-based: Working Out
Please watch the video to find out more about exercise and weight loss.
Then check your video comprehension and practice using Present Perfect Simple and Present Perfect Continuous.
Step 1: Review the vocabulary that you will encounter in the video
Step 2: Watch the video and take notes on the following questions:
- What are the ways our body burns calories?
- What is compensatory behavior? What are some of the examples mentioned?
Step 3: Complete video comprehension and grammar tasks
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1. What does Kevin Hall think of exercise and weight loss?CorrectIncorrect
2. Match the ways our bodies burn calories and their definitions:
- How much energy your body burns for its basic functioning.
- How much energy is needed to break down food in your body.
- Any movement you do
Thermic effect of food
3. We burn more calories when we perform basic activities that are part of our resting metabolism.CorrectIncorrect
4. What are the examples of compensatory behaviors that are mentioned in the video? Choose two.CorrectIncorrect
5. When you start losing weight, you burn more energy when not resting.CorrectIncorrect
6. What did the researchers find out about the Hadza people in Tanzania?CorrectIncorrect
7. Revise the grammar rules and then write the correct form of the verb in brackets.
1 The bus hasn’t come. I’ve been waiting here for ages.
2 Stefan hasn’t been working for this company for very long.
3 How long has Caroline been teaching at that school?
4 Have you had breakfast yet?
• We use the present perfect continuous (have/has + been + ing) for unfinished actions which started in the past and continue up to now. It often answers the question How long …?
– It‘s been raining all afternoon.
– Scientists have been investigating climate change.
– How long have you been working here?
• We use the present perfect simple (have/has + past participle) for completed actions which happened at some point before now and still have an influence on the present. We don’t know or aren’t focusing on exactly when the action happened.
– It‘s stopped raining.
– Have you seen the weather forecast?
• There is sometimes little difference between the present perfect simple and continuous. The choice is often about how we see the action.
– The weather’s been improving. (We see this as something in process. )
– The weather‘s improved. (We see this as a finished state.)
We generally don’t use the present perfect continuous with verbs such as be, have, and know.
W̶e̶’̶v̶e̶ ̶b̶e̶e̶n̶ ̶k̶n̶o̶w̶i̶n̶g̶ ̶a̶b̶o̶u̶t̶ ̶g̶l̶o̶b̶a̶l̶ ̶w̶a̶r̶m̶i̶n̶g̶ ̶f̶o̶r̶ ̶o̶v̶e̶r̶ ̶1̶0̶0̶ ̶y̶e̶a̶r̶s̶.̶
7. I (to exercise) since 5 a.m. As my break finishes, I’ll continue to exercise.
8. I (to not be) interested in exercise, but now I’m more inclined to take up jogging, for example.
9. The obesity situation in the US (to improve).
10. I (to read) a bunch of articles about exercise lately.
11. They (to not eat) anything for 3 days. I think they are fasting.
12. She (to work out) since the age of 15.